Bigazzi, Francesco; Cotrone, Aldo L.; Järvinen, Matti; Kiritsis, Elias
(2020)
Among the possible CP-odd couplings of the axion to ordinary matter, the most relevant ones for phenomenology are the Yukawa couplings to nucleons. We analyze such non-derivative couplings within three different approaches: standard effective field theory, the Skyrme model and holographic QCD. In all the cases, the couplings can be related to the CP-odd non-derivative couplings to nucleons of the low-lying mesons and the eta '. Using the effective field theory approach we discuss how to derive the expressions for the CP-odd interaction terms as functions of the parameters of the effective Lagrangian at generic number of colors N-c and flavors N-f. Then, we compute the CP-odd couplings to nucleons of the axion, the eta ' and the pseudo-Goldstone mesons in both the Skyrme and the holographic QCD model with N-f = 2, 3. We present model-independent expressions for the coefficients of the non-derivative axion-nucleon couplings. This allows us to provide quantitative estimates of these couplings.